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Pioneering a New Web3 Era: The Power of zkEVM
Embark on a Journey Through Polygon's zkEVM
Published on9 May, 2023
The need for higher scalability and security has always been paramount in the blockchain ecosystem. As Vitalik has rightly pointed out, scaling Ethereum necessitates community effort. To that end, Polygon launched its zkEVM solution in March 2023, which has gained significant market and community support since then. Polygon zkEVM is a zero-knowledge (ZK) scaling solution that combines the security and speed of ZK cryptography with the familiar coding and development of the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). In just over a month since its Mainnet Beta launch, the project has been making strides in the web3 sphere and setting new records everyday. This report aims to provide insights into the inner workings of Polygon zkEVM, as well as recent trends and developments in the network’s activity.
Before we proceed, perhaps a refresher on the etymology of zkEVM (no, it’s not an alien planet) will make things easier to comprehend.
zkEVM boils down into two components:
A rollup is a scaling system that enables slower blockchains to become faster and cheaper. Rollups process many transactions on a faster blockchain (L2), combine them into a single data block, and then return the transaction to the parent blockchain (L1), hence leveraging the security of the L1 chain. ZK-rollups use a cryptography technique called ZK proofs to validate a transaction using minimal information about that transaction. In the case of zkEVM, L2 transactions are executed on the zkEVM, and the off-chain proof network generates the proof of validity required for the transaction’s execution. The final state transition and proof are then submitted to the Ethereum Mainnet. Owing to its complex nature, ZK proofs remained a widely theoretical concept with applications only for specific use cases. Polygon Labs’ robust engineering team breached through the “ZK slump” with their consistent efforts in research and development in cryptography.
Polygon’s zkEVM Rollup comprises of the Proof of Efficiency (PoE) consensus algorithm, zkNode, zkProver, Proof Builder for STARK AND SNARK, and Rollup cross-chain bridge.
The number of transactions on a network is representative of its health. Fortunately for Polygon zkEVM, all the metrics are charting an upward trajectory. The total number of transactions on the network witnessed a steady rise throughout April 2023, and amassed an impressive 300% increase by the end of the month.
While the transaction volume may not be as high as Ethereum’s (yet), when accounted for the gas fees, the Polygon zkEVM shines with its incredible ergonomics. In fact, last month, gas fees on Polygon zkEVM were 7x cheaper than those on Ethereum Mainnet, even during peak network activity. This exceptional cost efficiency is a major advantage for developers and users looking for an affordable and scalable solution.
Luganodes has also contributed to the swift adoption of Polygon zkEVM by leveraging our robust infrastructure to enable open and transparent operations on the network. Read more about Luganodes’ role in the zkEVM Mainnet Beta launch here.
Several established networks have endured the worst of the dry and unrelenting winds of the web3 winter, and witnessed only modest if not negative growth. But despite the unfavorable market sentiment, Polygon zkEVM has managed to buck the trend and secure a growing user base. In April 2023 alone, the network registered a staggering 300% surge in its active user set, with a record 14,020 users onboarded in a single day! As developers continue to build on the network at an extraordinary pace, this uptrend in the unique active address set shows no sign of levelling off.
A myriad of projects are being onboarded on the Mainnet Beta, including premier dApps such as Lens and Balancer, top-tier gaming projects such as Midnight Society and Oath of Peak, and reputed infrastructure providers such as ANKR, Alchemy, Sequence, and The Graph. Some promising applications that registered rapid surges in user activity include 0VIX, Quickswap, Antfarm, LeetSwap, zkMoonSwap and SushiSwap.
#0VIX is, once again, breaking the media headlines 🌊— 🪁 Keom | Formerly 0VIX (@KeomProtocol) April 13, 2023
This time, about pioneering #zkDeFi and leading @0xPolygon #zkEVM, alongside @QuickswapDEX, according to @BSCNews ⚡️
Learn more here 👉 https://t.co/uVVhUgTSEK
P.S. 0VIX is just $40K away from crossing $1M TVL on zkEVM 👀
With the launch of the Polygon zkEVM bridge, users will also be able to experience the same level of security and functionality as its Polygon PoS counterpart, and carry out hassle-free transfer of assets between Polygon zkEVM and Ethereum.
Polygon zkEVM has set precedent for scaling the world’s most mature L1 public protocol. With it’s EVM equivalence, users and developers can leverage the vibrant ecosystem and other network effect’s of Ethereum with a significant scalability advantage. As Polygon zkEVM is continues to establish the gold standard in zkEVM technology, we are confident that the next billion users will soon be onboarded on web3 infrastructure and zkEVM technology will be the major driver of this mass adoption.
Luganodes is a world-class, Swiss-operated, non-custodial blockchain infrastructure provider that has rapidly gained recognition in the industry for offering institutional-grade services. It was born out of the Lugano Plan B Program, an initiative driven by Tether and the City of Lugano. Luganodes maintains an exceptional 99.9% uptime with round-the-clock monitoring by SRE experts. With support for 30+ PoS networks, it ranks among the top validators on Polygon, Polkadot, Sui, and Tron. Luganodes prioritizes security and compliance, holding the distinction of being one of the first staking providers to adhere to all SOC 2 Type II, GDPR, and ISO 27001 standards.
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